Farm Weather Forecast
Synopsis

NORTHEAST MONSOON AFFECTING LUZON AND VISAYAS.

Issued at: 8AM Friday, February 21, 2020
Valid until: 8AM Saturday, February 22, 2020
FWFA: 20 – 052
Forecast Area Agri-Weather Winds Temperature Relative Humidity Leaf Wetness
CAGAYAN VALLEY, BICOL REGION, EASTERN VISAYAS, AURORA, QUEZON, ORIENTAL MINDORO, MARINDUQUE, ROMBLON, AND PANAY ISLAND CLOUDY WITH LIGHT RAINS STRONG FROM NORTHEAST LOWLAND:
18 – 31

UPLAND:
14 – 27
50 – 98% 2 – 6 HRS
METRO MANILA AND THE REST OF LUZON AND OF VISAYAS PARTLY CLOUDY TO CLOUDY WITH ISOLATED LIGHT RAINS STRONG FROM NORTHEAST – ILOCOS REGION, CAR, REST OF SOUTHERN LUZON;

MODERATE TO STRONG FROM NORTHEAST – METRO MANILA, THE REST OF LUZON AND OF VISAYAS
LOWLAND:
17 – 31

UPLAND:
8 – 25
40 – 93% 0 – 4 HRS
MINDANAO PARTY CLOUDY TO CLOUDY WITH ISOLATED RAINSHOWERS STRONG FROM NORTHEAST – CARAGA AND DAVAO REGION;

MODERATE TO STRONG FROM NORTHEAST – REST OF MINDANAO
LOWLAND:
21 – 34

UPLAND:
15 – 31
40 – 88% 0 – 4 HRS

Soil Moisture Condition
Wet

BALER, QUEZON PROVINCE, CALAPAN, BICOL, MACTAN, MOST OF SAMAR PROVINCES, TACLOBAN, MAASIN, SURIGAO DEL SUR

Moist

APARRI, CASIGURAN, MASBATE, CAPIZ, ROXAS, DAVAO CITY

Dry

REST OF THE COUNTRY

Farming Advisories
FOR AREAS WITH VERY LOW TEMPERATURE: USE ROW COVERS IF YOU HAVE TENDER VEGETABLE SEEDLINGS AND TRANSPLANTS. MULCH THE PLANTS. COVER PLANTS WITH STRAWS, NEWSPAPERS OR OLD SHEETS TO RETAIN RADIATED HEAT. COVER PLANTS BEFORE SUNSET AND REMOVE BY MID-MORNING. WATER THE PLANTS LIGHTLY.

FOR WET (IRRIGATED) AND MOIST AREAS: LAND AND SEEDBED PREPARATION; PLANTING AND TRANSPLANTING; REMOVAL OF WEEDS AND CULTIVATION, HARVESTING OF MATURED CROPS, USE COVERED VANS IN DELIVERY OF GOODS IN THE MARKET; PLANTING OF FRUIT TREES TO REPLACE THE OLD ONES.

FOR (RAINFED) DRY AREAS WITH LIGHT TO MODERATE WINDS: SUN DRYING OF NEWLY HARVESTED RICE AND CORN; WATERING ACTIVITIES OR IRRIGATION USING PUMP; FUNGAL DEVELOPMENT CAN CAUSE DAMAGE TO STORED FARM PRODUCTS, THUS, IT IS ADVISED TO KEEP BARNS AND CROP STORAGE ROOMS TO BE CLEAN,DRY, WELL VENTILATED AND IN SAFE CONDITION; DELIVERY OF GOODS IN COVERED VANS CAN BE DONE. BE VIGILANT AND ALWAYS INSPECT YOUR RICE FIELDS FOR OCCURRENCE OF PESTS AND DISEASES, ASK FOR PRECAUTIONARY MEASURES OR CONSULT THE EXPERTISE OF YOUR LOCAL AGRICULTURIST OR CAN ADAPT RECOMMENDATIONS FROM PROJECTS LIKE SARAI.

Fishing Advisories

THE COASTAL WATERS OVER NORTHERN AND SOUTHERN LUZON, AND THE EASTERN SECTIONS OF THE COUNTRY WILL BE ROUGH. THE REST OF THE ARCHIPELAGO WILL HAVE MODERATE TO ROUGH SEAS. FISHERMEN ARE REMINDED TO BE VERY CAREFUL IN GOING OUT TO THE SEA AND ALWAYS BRING EMERGENCY KIT. BE UPDATED FOR THE LATEST WEATHER UPDATE AND FARM ADVISORIES.

Red Tide Alert
(Courtesy of BFAR, Shellfish Bulletin No. 03, Issued on 06 February 2020)

ALL TYPES OF SHELLFISH AND ACETES SP. OR ALAMANG GATHERED AT PUERTO PRINCESA BAY, PUERTO PRINCESA CITY IN PALAWAN; THE COASTAL WATERS OF DAUIS AND TAGBILARAN CITY IN BOHOL; IRONG-IRONG AND SAN PEDRO BAY IN WESTERN SAMAR; CANCABATO BAY IN TACLOBAN CITY IN LEYTE; LIANGA BAY IN SURIGAO DEL SUR; AND IN CARIGARA BAY IN LEYTE ARE STILL POSITIVE FOR PARALYTIC SHELLFISH POISON AND NOT SAFE FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION. FISHERMEN ARE ADVISED NOT TO GATHER, NOT TO SELL, NOT TO BUY, AND NOT TO EAT ALL TYPES OF SHELLFISH AND ACETES SP. OR ALAMANG OVER THESE AREAS. FISH, SQUIDS, SHRIMPS, AND CRABS ARE SAFE FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION PROVIDED THAT THEY ARE FRESH AND WASHED THOROUGHLY, AND INTERNAL ORGANS SUCH AS GILLS AND INTESTINES ARE REMOVED BEFORE COOKING.

PREPARED BY : RAAM / DPO
VERIFIED BY: FEV

10 - Day Regional Agri-Weather Information

DEKAD NO. 05      FEBRUARY 11 – 20, 2020

Philippine Agri-Weather Forecast
The weather systems that will likely affect the whole country are the northeast monsoon, easterlies and tail-end of a cold front.

During the early days of the dekad, Cagayan Valley, Bicol Region, Eastern Visayas, CARAGA, Davao Region and the provinces of Aurora and Quezon will have cloudy skies with light rains. The rest of the archipelago will experience better weather condition with some chances of isolated rains. However, during the mid of the first half of the dekad, cloudy skies will bring rainshowers and thunderstorms over Mindanao, Eastern Visayas, Central Visayas, Bicol Region, Cagayan Valley and the provinces of Aurora and Quezon while the remaining areas of Luzon and Visayas will have partly cloudy to cloudy skies with possible isolated rainshowers. After this, as the eastern sections of the archipelago continue to experience cloudy skies with rains, the other parts of the country will have better weather condition with chances of isolated rainshowers. The tail-end of a cold front and northeast monsoon will bring cloudiness with rainshowers over Cagayan Valley, Cordillera Administrative Region, Bicol Region, Eastern Visayas, CARAGA, Davao Region, and the provinces of Aurora and Quezon during the second half of the forecast period. The rest of Luzon will experience cloudy skies with light rains while the remaining areas of Visayas and Mindanao will have partly cloudy to cloudy skies with possible chances of isolated rainshowers.

During the first half of the forecast period, winds coming from the northeast to north will gradually prevail over Northern Luzon while the eastern sections of Southern Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao will have winds from the northeast to east. The remaining areas of the country will have winds blowing from the northeast. However, during the early days of the second half of the dekad, winds from the north will start to blow over extreme Northern Luzon while the eastern portions of Southern Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao continue to have winds from the northeast to east and from the northeast for the rest of the country. Northeasterly windflow will gradually prevail over the whole country during the latter days of the forecast period.

Moderate to rough seas will be experienced over the whole archipelago throughout the dekad.

ENSO-neutral condition still persists and will likely continue throughout the forecast period.

Farm Advisories

Most soils provide only limited amount of nutrients to the crop. Therefore, fertilizers need to be applied to increase grain yield. In some situations, fertilizers are also added to improve the soil’s physical condition. The amount and type of fertilizer applied are determined on the assumption that 1 ton of grain will remove 15 kg nitrogen (N), 2–3 kg phosphorus (P), and 15–20 kg potassium (K). These base rates need to be modified according to the soil type, the season, the crop condition, prevailing weather conditions, and efficiency of application. In such cases, farmers and farmer’s groups are also advised to adapt/accommodate some or several government projects’ recommendations such as Project Smarter Approaches to Reinvigorate Agriculture as an Industry in the Philippines ( SARAI ) Phase 2 to alleviate their farm production.

Regional Agrometeorological Situation and Prognosis

Region 1 Ilocos Region


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

0 – 25

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

0 – 4

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Dry

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

58 – 95

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

15 – 33

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Most of the irrigated rice and corn are in vegetative stage. Planting of cauliflower, mungo, celery, lettuce, eggplant cucumber, garlic and gabi is being done. Harvesting of sweet potatoes, onions, eggplant, string beans, lettuce, mustard, pechay and ampalaya, is still on going

Region 2 Cagayan Valley


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

0 – 75

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

0 – 5

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Moist– Aparri; Dry – rest of the region

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

73 – 100

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

Upland areas: 13 – 28; Rest: 15 – 32

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Most of irrigated rice and corn are in vegetative stage. Planting of mungo, soybean, tapilan, cowpea, cadios, gabi, patola, tomatoes, lettuce, eggplant and other leafy green vegetables is being done. Harvesting of sweet potatoes, carrots, pechay, potatoes, ampalaya, onions, ginger, mustard, pepper, string beans, cassava and cabbage is also on-going.

CAR (Cordillera Administrative Region)


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

0 – 50

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

0 – 5

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Dry

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

60 – 100

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

9 – 28

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Most irrigated and rainfed rice are in vegetative stage. Planting of peanuts, corn, bell pepper, chayote, onions, pechay and tomatoes is still on-going. Harvesting of upland vegetables such as cauliflower, carrots, lettuce, mustard, bell pepper, white onions, broccoli, white potatoes, celery, cabbage and tomatoes is in progress. Land preparation continues.

Region 3 Central Luzon


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

0 – 75

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

Aurora: 4 – 8; Rest: 0 – 5

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Wet – Baler; Moist – Casiguran; Dry – rest of the region

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

63 – 100

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

Upland areas: 14 – 30; Rest: 17 – 33

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Irrigated and rainfed rice are in vegetative and flowering stages. Most corn plants are in maturing stage. Planting of eggplant mungo, patani, string beans and cauliflower is on-going. Harvesting of watermelon, melon, potatoes, tomatoes, onions, squash, cucumber, carrots, ampalaya, cabbage and calamansi is also on-going. Land preparation, re-planting, harvesting and milling activities of sugarcane are underway. Fertilizer application, spraying of insecticides and herbicides continue.

NCR (National Capital Region)


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

0 – 75

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

2 – 6

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Dry

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

68 – 93

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

18 – 31

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Preparation of vegetable plots is on-going. Harvesting of garden vegetables in backyard plots such as tomatoes, okra, pechay, upo, alugbati, cabbage, mustard, ampalaya, cassava and malunggay is in progress.

Region 4A CALABARZON


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

Quezon: 75 – 200; Rest: 0 – 50

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

5 – 10

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Wet –Quezon province; Dry – rest of the region

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

58 – 98

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

17 – 33

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Early planted rice are in flowering and booting stages in areas not so affected by ashfall. Land preparation, cleaning and clearing of fields are still on-going. Harvesting of coffee, banana, papaya, squash, upo, sweet potato, ampalaya, eggplant, lettuce and cassava is in progress.

Region 4B MIMAROPA


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

0 – 75

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

Palawan, Occidental Mindoro: 3 – 6; Rest: 0 – 4

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Wet – Calapan; Dry – rest of the region

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

70 – 100

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

18 – 34

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Irrigated and rainfed rice are in vegetative and ripening stages. Planting of corn, sweet potato, cassava, ginger, white potato, chayote, garlic and pepper is on-going. Harvesting of cashew, papaya, cassava, pineapple, lettuce, mustard tomatoes, ampalaya, pepper, upo, banana, pechay, and string beans is also in progress.

Region 5 Bicol Region


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

Eastern portion: 50 – 150; Rest: 0 – 25

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

4 – 8

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Moist – Masbate; Wet – rest of the region

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

68 – 100

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

18 – 34

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:


Most rice are in vegetative and flowering stages. Planting of corn, peanuts, batao, cowpea, cadios, mungo, seguidillas, ubi, gabi, ginger, cassava, radish, upo, okra, squash, watermelon and tomato is on-going. Harvesting of root crops, banana, pineapple, corn, guyabano, cabbage, squash, string beans, pechay, carrots, and eggplant is still in progress.

Region 6 Western Visayas


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

0 – 50

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

0 – 5

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Moist – Capiz, Roxas; Dry – rest of the region

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

68 – 98

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

20 – 33

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Irrigated rice and corn are in vegetative and flowering stages. Some small rice field are still in land preparation and transplanting activities. Planting of potatoes, string beans, squash, tomatoes and papaya is being done. Harvesting of banana, guyabano, sweet potatoes and onions is still in progress. Harvesting and milling of sugarcane are on-going.

Region 7 Central Visayas


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

0 – 25

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

3 – 8

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Wet – Mactan; Dry – rest of the region

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

70 – 98

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

19 – 34

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Irrigated rice are in vegetative and flowering stages. Planting of pechay, string beans, gabi, garlic, beets, mustard and cabbage is in progress. Harvesting of guyabano, onions, carrots, sweet potatoes, tomatoes, papaya, banana and leafy vegetables is being done.

Region 8 Eastern Visayas


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

50 – 200

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

3 – 8

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Wet –most of Samar provinces, Tacloban, Maasin; Dry – rest of the region

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

70 – 98

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

19 – 33

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Rice and corn are in vegetative and flowering stages. Other rice fields are in land and seedbed preparations, planting and transplanting activities. Planting of cowpea, soybean, eggplant, celery, cauliflower, watermelon and corn is on-going. Harvesting of radish, papaya, ginger, jackfruit, carrots, sweet potato, cassava, squash and corn is still in progress. Fertilizer application, weeding and spraying of pesticides for early planted rainfed rice have started.

Region 9 Zamboanga Peninsula


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

0 – 75

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

3 – 8

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Dry

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

70 – 98

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

20 – 34

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Corn crop is in vegetative stage. Planting of pepper, cabbage, eggplant, cauliflower, patola, squash, patani, soybeans, celery and monggo is in progress. Harvesting of jackfruit, lanzones, corn, pomelo, watermelon, banana, papaya, guyabano, carrots, radish, squash and pineapple is still on-going. Land preparation for vegetable crops and watering activities are on-going.

Region 10 Northern Mindanao


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

0 – 25

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

3 – 7

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Dry

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

70 – 98

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

Bukidnon and upland areas: 14 – 30; Rest: 18 – 33

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Irrigated rice and corn are in vegetative and flowering stages. Planting of mustard, lettuce, cabbage, soybeans, cassava, patola, eggplant, squash and patani is in progress. Harvesting of lanzones, corn, cucumber, upo banana, marang, pineapple, onions, tomato, guyabano, cassava, potatoes, ginger and sweet potato is still on-going. Fertilizer application is underway.

Region 11 Davao Regio


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

0 – 75

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

3 – 7

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Moist–Davao City; Dry – rest of the region

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

68 – 95

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

Upland areas: 16 – 30; Rest: 18 – 32

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Irrigated rice and corn are in vegetative stage. Planting of corn, lettuce, mustard, cauliflower, cabbage, celery, squash, ampalaya, garlic and eggplant is being done. Harvesting of marang, watermelon, papaya, guyabano, pineapple, banana, cabbage, pechay, melon, cassava and ginger is still on-going.

Region 12 SOCCSK-SARGEN


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

0 – 50

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

0 – 5

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Dry

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

55 – 95

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

Upland areas: 18 – 31; Rest: 20 – 34

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Irrigated rice and corn are in vegetative stage while some are in flowering stage. Planting of corn, patola, tomato, okra, soybeans, cassava, upo, eggplant and green leafy vegetables is on-going. Harvesting of citrus, pineapple, jackfruit, pomelo, ubi, banana, durian, marang, mangosteen, guyabano, sweet potatoes and other rootcrops is in progress.

Region 13 CARAGA


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

Eastern portion: 50 – 200; Rest: 0 – 50

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

3 – 8

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Wet – Surigao del Sur; Dry – rest of the region

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

70 – 98

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

19 – 33

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Irrigated rice and corn are in vegetative and flowering stages. Some other rice fields are undergoing transplanting activities. Planting of corn, cabbage, eggplant, tomatoes, onions, cadios, patola, cowpea, ginger, celery, lettuce, pechay, gabi, garlic, sweet potato, white potato, bountiful beans, peanuts and watermelon is also on-going. Harvesting of pomelo, pineapple, banana, potatoes, marang, pechay, pepper, tomatoes and cabbage is in progress.

ARMM (Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao)


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

0 – 25

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

0 – 5

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Dry

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

70 – 95

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

18 – 35

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Irrigated rice and corn are in vegetative and flowering stages. Planting of leafy vegetables such as cabbage, celery, pechay, mustard and spinach is in progress. Harvesting of lanzones, mangosteen, watermelon, banana, papaya, durian, pomelo, marang, jackfruit, mango, pineapple, cassava, ubi, pechay, lettuce, mustard and alugbati is on-going.

Prepared By:

MA. FE. E. VILLAMORA
OIC, FWSS







EDNA L. JUANILLO
Chief
Climatology and Agrometeorology Division (CAD)