Farm Weather Forecast
Synopsis

AT 3:00 AM TODAY, THE TROPICAL DEPRESSION "SAMUEL” WAS ESTIMATED BASED ON ALL AVAILABLE DATA IN THE ICINITY OF CALBIGA, SAMAR PROVINCE (11.6 N,125.1E) WITH MAXIMUM SUSTAINED WINDS OF 45KM/H NEAR THE CENTER AND GUSTINESS UP TO 80KM/H. IT IS MOVING WEST NORTHWEST AT 25 KPH. NORTHEAST MONSOON AFFECTING NORTHERN LUZON .

Issued at: 8AM Wednesday, November 21, 2018
Valid until: 8AM Thursday, November 22, 2018
FWFA: 18-328
Forecast Area Agri-Weather Winds Temperature Relative Humidity Leaf Wetness
AT 3:00 AM TODAY, THE TROPICAL DEPRESSION "SAMUEL” WAS ESTIMATED BASED ON ALL AVAILABLE DATA IN THE ICINITY OF CALBIGA, SAMAR PROVINCE (11.6 N,125.1E) WITH MAXIMUM SUSTAINED WINDS OF 45KM/H NEAR THE CENTER AND GUSTINESS UP TO 80KM/H. IT IS MOVING WEST NORTHWEST AT 25 KPH. NORTHEAST MONSOON AFFECTING NORTHERN LUZON . RAINS WITH GUSTY WINDS -VISAYAS, MIMAROPA, MASBATE, TICAO ISLAND;
CLOUDY WITH SCATTERED RAINSHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS - METRO MANILA, CENTRAL LUZON, CALABARZON, REST OF BICOL REGION, CARAGA, NORTHERN MINDANAO, ZAMBOANGA PENINSULA
STRONG TO VERY STRONG FROM NORTHEAST TO NORTHWESTNORTHERN AND EASTERN SEABOARD OF CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN LUZON, AREAS UNDER TCWS#1;
MODERATE TO STRONG FROM NORTHEAST TO NORTHWEST - REST OF THE COUNTRY
22 – 300C - LOWLAND FARM
20 – 290C - UPLAND FARM
65 – 99% 8 TO MORE THAN 12 HOURS
REST OF THE COUNTRY PARTLY CLOUDY TO CLOUDY WITH ISOLATED LIGHT RAINS - ILOCOS REGION, CORDILLERA ADMINISTRATIVE REGION AND CAGAYAN VALLEY;
PARTLY CLOUDY TO CLOUDY WITH ISOLATED RAINSHOWERSREST OF MINDANAO
MODERATE TO STRONG FROM NORTHEAST TO NORTHWEST 22 – 330C - LOWLAND FARM
14 – 220C - UPLAND FARM
52– 90% 0 – 8 HOURS

Soil Moisture Condition
Wet

BALER, QUEZON, MOST PARTS OF REGION 5, 8, ARMM, DIPOLOG, REGION 13

Moist

BATANES, APARRI, EGION 1, MOST OF REGION 2, 11, CASIGURAN, NCR, SAN JOSE, ROMBLON, ABORLAN, MASBATE, CEBU, TACLOBAN, DAVAO CITY

Dry

REGION 1, MOST PARTS OF REGION 2, 4A, 7, CAR, REST OF REGIONS 3, 4B,5, 11 REGION 6, 12, MARAWI

Farming Advisories
IN AREAS AFFECTED BY TCWS#1 AND AREAS WITH SCATTERED RAINS AND THUNDERSTORMS, BE ALERT AND HAVE EXTRA CARE TO THOSE LIVING IN LOW LYING AREAS DUE TO POSSIBLE FLASH FLOODING AND NEAR MOUNTAINOUS OR SLOPING AREAS DUE TO POSSIBLE LANDSLIDES.HARVEST MATURED CROPS AND GRAINS, SELL AS SOON AS POSSIBLE. STORE HARVESTED PRODUCE IN SAFE, ELEVATED AND COVERED DRY PLACES; USE COVERED VANS WHEN TRANSPORTING GOODS TO THE MARKET
  • · DAILY FARM ACTIVITIES FOR WET AND MOIST AREAS: CLEAN CREEKS, CANALS AND DITCHES FROM IMPEDIMENTS TO PROVIDE NATURAL FLOW OF WATER SPECIALLY DURING THUNDERSTORMS. LAND PREPARATION, PLANTING AND TRANSPLANTING OF RAINFED AND IRRIGATED RICE AND OTHER CROPS, REMOVAL OF WEEDS

    · FARM ACTIVITIES FOR DRY AREAS WITH LIGHT TO MODERATE WINDS: WATERING USING SPRINKLER, IRRIGATION, SPRAYING INSECTICIDES OR HERBICIDES, DRYING AND STORING GRAINS. MULCH NEWLY PLANTED PLANTS/ GROWING PLANTS BY USING DRIED LEAVES, DRIED BARK CHIPS OF TREES, PLASTIC SHEETS OR BANANA LEAVES.
Fishing Advisories

THE COASTAL WATERS OVER NORTHERN AND EASTERN SEABOARD OF CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN LUZON, AREAS UNDER TCWS#1 WILL BE ROUGH TO VERY ROUGH SEAS.FISHERMEN RE ADVISED NOT TO VENTURE OUT INTO THE SEAS. LIKEWISE, IN NORTHERN LUZON AND THE EASTERN SECTIONS OF CENTRAL LUZON, WILL BE MODERATE TO ROUGH SEAS, WHILE THE REST OF ARCHIPELAGO WILL HAVE MODERATE SEAS. REMINDERS TO OUR FISHERFOLK TO REFRAIN FROM FISHING FOR THE MEANTIME, BUT IF AN NOT BE AVOIDED, ALWAYS BE CAREFUL, BRING EMERGENCY KIT, AND BE UPDATED FOR THE LATEST WEATHER UPDATE AND FARM ADVISORIES.

Red Tide Alert
Courtesy of BFAR, Shellfish Bulletin No. 28, Issued on 8 November 2018

ALL TYPES OF SHELLFISH AND ALAMANG COLLECTED FROM COASTAL WATERS OF MATARINAO BAY IN EASTERN SAMAR; LIANGA BAY IN SURIGAO DEL SUR; COASTAL WATERS OF DAUIS AND TAGBILARAN CITY IN BOHOL; AND COASTAL WATERS OF MILAGROS IN MASBATE; AND PUERTO PRINCESA BAY IN PUERTO PRINCESA CITY, PALAWAN ARE NOT SAFE FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION. FISHERMEN ARE ADVISED NOT TO GATHER OVER THESE AREAS.

PREPARED BY: SCF / RAAM / MAM / DPO / RMP / ACC

VERIFIED BY: FEV
10 - Day Regional Agri-Weather Information

DEKAD NO. 32      NOVEMBER 11 - 20, 2018

Philippine Agri-Weather Forecast
The weather systems that will affect the whole country during the ten-day period are northeast (NE) monsoon, tail-end of a cold front, low pressure areas (LPAs) and easterlies.

Southern Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao will experience cloudy skies with rainshowers and thunderstorms due to the prevalence of LPA while Northern Luzon will have cloudy skies with light rains. The rest of the country will likely experience fair weather except for some isolated rainshowers and thunderstorms. As the LPA moves away from the country, gradual improvement of weather is expected over the above-mentioned areas during the second half of the forecast period. Scattered rainshowers and thunderstorms will be likely experienced over MIMAROPA, Zamboanga Peninsula and Northern Mindanao. The rest of the country will experience a generally fair weather conditions with possible isolated rainshowers and thunderstorms. Visayas and Mindanao will experience cloudy skies with rainshowers and thunderstorms while Northern Luzon will have light rains during the latter part of the dekad. The remaining portions of the archipelago will have partly cloudy to cloudy skies with isolated rainshowers and thunderstorms.

During the early days of the dekad, northeasterly winds will prevail over Luzon and Visayas while the rest of the country will have winds coming from the northeast to northwest. However, as the LPA traverse over Mindanao, northeast to southeast winds will prevail. Luzon and Visayas will continually experience winds blowing from the northeast. During the second half of the dekad, Northern Luzon will gradually have winds blowing from the northeast to southeast while Southern Luzon will have winds blowing from the northeast to east. During the latter part of the forecast period, northeasterly windflow will be likely over Luzon and Visayas while winds from northeast to northwest will be likely in Mindanao.

The coastal waters over Luzon and the eastern section of Visayas and Mindanao will be moderate to occasionally rough while the rest of the archipelago will have slight to moderate seas during the forecast period.

ENSO neutral condition is present in the tropical Pacific.
Farm Advisories

Another step to successful rice production is choosing the best variety. The most suitable variety is the one best meeting farmer’s and consumer’s needs. It may not always give the highest yield and will be influenced by availability of water (either from rain or irrigation), soil type, and field elevation, and whether the rice will be sold or consumed at home.
Varieties should be selected based on good potential yield, resistance to diseases, good eating qualities, high milling yield, and are suitable for the market. When selecting a variety check the following:

A. Crop duration
• Long-duration varieties (160 days and longer) are suitable for irrigated areas or flood-prone areas.
• Medium-duration varieties (120–140 days) are suitable for both rainfed and irrigated areas.
• Short-duration varieties (less than 120 days) are suitable for drought-prone areas or for double cropping.

B. Crop height
• Tall varieties (1.4 m and taller) are suitable for flood-prone and unleveled fields, lodging may be a problem.
• Medium height varieties (1–1.2 m) are suitable for most areas and are not as susceptible to lodging when fertilizer is used.
• Short varieties are best suited to level fields especially in irrigated areas. They are responsive to fertilizers and are normally less than 1 meter in height.

C. Grain quality
• A premium is often paid for aromatic varieties, but yields are normally lower.
• Eating quality such as softness, stickiness, and color after cooking are important.

Regional Agrometeorological Situation and Prognosis

Region 1 Ilocos Region


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

0-25

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

0-3

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Dry

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

55-93

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

19 – 34

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Irrigation and fertilizer application of rice for second cropping in some farm are on-going. Drying of harvested palay for first cropping is on-going.

Region 2 Cagayan Valley


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

0-25

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

0-3

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Moist – Batanes, Aparri; Dry – most parts of the region

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

55 – 95

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

21 – 32

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Transplanting of rice for second cropping is still in progress. Some late planted rice for first cropping is still in harvesting stage. Planting of corn has started.

CAR (Cordillera Administrative Region)


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

0-25

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

0-3

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Dry

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

55 – 95

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

14-25

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Planting of vegetables in some areas such as spinach, sweet pepper, beets is on-going.

Region 3 Central Luzon


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

25-150

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

2-6

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Wet – Nueva Ecija and Baler; Moist – rest of the region

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

60 –95

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

24-33

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Harvesting and drying of newly harvested rice in some areas are still in progress. Planting and transplanting of rice for second cropping are on the process. Planting of ampalaya, melon, peanut, beans is on-going. Harvesting of string beans, squash, eggplant, rambutan, calamansi, pechay, cabbage, carrots and tomatoes is still on-going.

NCR (National Capital Region)


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

0-50

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

2 – 6

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Wet – Port Area; Moist – rest of the region

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

55-93

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

23-34

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Harvesting of lettuce, eggplant, tomatoes and chayote is in progress. Planting in small plot areas of okra, upo, pechay and patola is on-going.

Region 4A CALABARZON


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

0-50

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

1 – 4

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Wet – Quezon; Dry – rest of the region

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

55-95

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

19 – 32

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Some late planted rice for first cropping are still in harvesting stage. Planting and transplanting of rice for second cropping are still in progress. Harvesting of rambutan, lanzones, banana, papaya, pineapple, tomato, eggplant, string beans, squash, ampalaya and cucumber is still in progress. Planting of corn, peanut, onions, ampalaya, sinkamas, gabi and kutchai is on-going.

Region 4B MIMAROPA


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

Palawan: 25 – 75; Rest: 0 – 50

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

2-6

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Moist – San Jose, Romblon, Aborlan; Dry – rest of the region

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

55-95

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

22-33

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Transplanting of rice are in progress. Lowland palay in some areas are still in reproductive stage. Harvesting of squash, cowpea, cabbage, patola and tomatoes is on-going. Planting of peanut, mungo, sitao and watermelon is on-going.

Region 5 Bicol Region


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

0 – 75

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

2 – 6

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Wet – most of the region; Moist – Masbate; Dry - Bucaf

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

55-98

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

24 – 32

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Transplanting and direct seeding of rice for second cropping are in progress. Harvesting of ginger, gabi, camote, cassava, sweet pepper, melon, patola and tomatoes is still on-going. Planting of peanut, cucumber, melon, watermelon, beans and beets is also on-going.

Region 6 Western Visayas


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

25 – 75

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

2-6

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Dry

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

55-95

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

24 – 33

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Some irrigated rice for first cropping is still in harvesting stage. Transplanting, direct seeding and germination stage of rice are still in progress. Planting of garlic, onions, ginger, mustard, pechay, cauliflower and cabbage is on-going. Harvesting of tomatoes, rambutan, lanzones and dalandan is still on-going.

Region 7 Central Visayas


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

25 – 150

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

2 – 6

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Moist – Cebu; Dry – rest of the region

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

55-96

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

24-33

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Transplanting of rice for second cropping are still on-going. Harvesting of papaya, cucumber, mango, banana, sweet pepper and carrots is still on-going. Planting of cowpea, patani, sitao, ampalaya, eggplant, sweet potato, ginger and radish is on-going.

Region 8 Eastern Visayas


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

25-150

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

3-7

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Moist – Tacloban; Wet – rest of the region

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

60-98

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

24-33

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Drying and milling of harvested rice are still on-going. Some late planted rice for first cropping is still in harvesting stage. Transplanting and seeding of rice for second cropping are also on-going. Planting of carrot, cucumber, beets, garlic, lettuce, onions and string beans is still in progress. Harvesting of lanzones and dalandan continuous

Region 9 Zamboanga Peninsula


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

25 – 200

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

3 – 7

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Moist - Dipolog; Dry - rest of the region

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

55-98

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

23 – 32

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Continuous transplanting of rice for second cropping is on-going. Planting of garlic, sweet potato, ampalaya, patola and squash is in progress. Harvesting of fruits e.g. pineapple, banana, pomelo, guyabano and leafy vegetables is still in progress.

Region 10 Northern Mindanao


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

25 – 200

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

3-7

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Wet – Bukidnon; Moist – rest of the region

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

55-95

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

19-33

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Transplanting of rice in some areas is still on-going. Harvesting of marang, guyabano, pineapple, banana, pomelo and cucumber is still on-going. Planting of corn, lettuce, upo, cauliflower, sinkamas and cabbage is still in progress.

Region 11 Davao Regio


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

25 – 150

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

2 – 6

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Moist – Tagum, Davao City; Dry – rest of the region

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

55-95

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

24 – 33

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Harvesting of marang, mangosteen, pomelo, papaya, pineapple, rambutan, lanzones and durian is still on-going. Continuous transplanting and direct seeding of rice are still on-going. Planting of camote, gabi, upo, cucumber, cabbage, sitao, eggplant, squash and watermelon is still in progress.

Region 12 SOCCSK-SARGEN


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

25 – 150

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

2-6

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Dry

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

55-98

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

23-33

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Planting of cabbage, squash, watermelon, cucumber, gabi, ginger and soybeans is still on-going. Harvesting of mangosteen, rambutan, corn, pineapple, lanzones, banana, guyabano, durian, pomelo, and leafy vegetables is in progress. Transplanting of rice is still on-going while some other crops are in direct seeding.

Region 13 CARAGA


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

25 – 150

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

2-6

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Wet

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

55-98

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

23-33

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Transplanting of rice for second cropping continuous. Planting of sitao, cowpea, cabbage, okra, cucumber and upo is still in progress. Harvesting of marang, mangosteen, durian, pomelo, pineapple and papaya is still on-going.

ARMM (Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao)


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

0-75

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

1-5

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Dry – Marawi; Wet – Maguindanao and rest of the region

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

55-98

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

23 – 34

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Transplanting for rice is still on-going. Planting of pechay, cabbage, patani, mungo, chayote, soybeans, ampalya, cucumber, cowpea and peanut has started.

Prepared By:

SCF/ RAAM/ MAM / DPO / RMP / ACC
FWSS Staff

MA. FE E. VILLAMORA
OIC, FWSS

EDNA L. JUANILLO
Chief
Climatology and Agrometeorology Division (CAD)