Monthly Philippine Agro-climatic Review and Outlook

February 2020


o During the month of February, the weather systems that affected the country were the northeast monsoon, tail-end of a cold front (TECF), easterlies, Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), localized thunderstorms and low pressure area (LPA). No tropical cyclone had developed or entered the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR).

o The stations which has recorded highest maximum total monthly rainfall were Surigao City (430.2 mm), Maasin (401.0 mm) and Borongan (375.9 mm).

o Predominantly, cloudy skies were experienced over the eastern section of the country while the rest of the country had partly cloudy to cloudy skies. During the month, rains poured mostly over Tayabas, Infanta, Alabat, Daet, Legaspi, Juban, Surigao City and Hinatuan.

o Derived Soil Moisture Condition (rainfed areas):
o Wet – Quezon Province, Most of the Bicol Region, Mactan, Most of Leyte Provinces, Surigao Del Sur
o Moist – Aparri, Aurora, Calapan, Masbate, Capiz, most of Samar Provinces, Davao City
o Dry – rest of the country

o Generally, near to above normal rainfall conditions were experienced over National Capital Region, Central Luzon, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA (except the southern portion of Palawan), Camarines Norte, Masbate, Visayas and Zamboanga City while the rest of the country received way below to below normal rainfall (Figure 1).

o Slightly warmer to warmer than average temperatures were felt over most parts of Mindanao while near to slightly above average in most areas of Visayas. Meanwhile, Luzon experienced a slightly below to near average temperatures (Figure 2). The maximum temperature for the month of February has reached 37.3°C in Cotabato City while the coldest temperature was recorded in Baguio City at 9.4°C.

o ENSO-neutral condition persisted during the period.

Planting and Transplanting (broadcasting / direct seeding- for rice, conventional way/ by rows - other crops)

o Type I Climate (in most areas of the western parts of Luzon, Mindoro, Negros and Palawan) –
Palagad rice, monggo, string beans, cauliflower, celery, eggplant, sweet potato.
o Type II Climate (in most areas of Catanduanes, Sorsogon, eastern part of Camarines Norte and Camarines Sur, eastern part of Quezon and Aurora, eastern part of Leyte and eastern part of northern Samar, large portion of eastern Mindanao) – Corn, peanuts, monggo, patani, batao, cadios, cowpea, seguidillas, soybean, cabbage, celery, pechay, mustard, cassava, ampalaya, chayote, tomatoes, potatoes, watermelon, onions, eggplant, squash, okra, bell pepper, baguio beans, cauliflower, sweet peas, jute and beets.
o Type III Climate (in most areas of western part of Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Viscaya, east of Mt. Province, southern Quezon, Bondoc peninsula, Masbate, Romblon, Northeast Panay, eastern Negros, central and southern Cebu, part of northern Mindanao, most of eastern Palawan) – Irrigated rice and third crop peanut, leafy vegetables such as pechay, mustard, lettuce, and celery.
o Type IV Climate (in most areas of Batanes provinces, northeast Luzon, western Camarines Norte and Camarines Sur, Albay, eastern Mindoro, Marinduque, western Leyte, northern Negros, and most of central and southern Mindanao.) Third crop corn (dry season), pechay, cabbage, lettuce, onion, soybean, peas, okra, celery, mustard, gabi, garlic, and sesame.

Establishment Stage (germination, pre-emergence, seedling, transplanting) – Rice and corn (irrigated, upland and rainfed) – in selected farm areas of Nueva Viscaya and part of northern Mindanao. Other high value crops such as cabbage, sweet pepper, jute, lettuce, eggplant, squash, patola, upo, onion, string beans, mustard, celery, pechay, garlic, beets, spinach, tomato, ampalaya, soybeans, ginger, chayote, and bell pepper- in selected areas of Region 5, Regions 3, Region 8 and in Surigao farms.

Vegetative Stage (tillering, head development) - Rice and corn (irrigated lowland, upland rainfed) - in selected farm areas of the country. String beans, watermelon, spinach, ampalaya, upo, garlic, sweet pepper, potatoes, gabi, onion, squash, sweet potato, cassava, ginger, carrot, mustard, ubi, beets, garlic, beets, celery, lettuce, string beans, mungo, patola, pechay, cabbage, bell pepper, cucumber, chayote, patola, upo and onion.

Flowering Stage (heading – for rice) (tasselling and silking – for corn)Irrigated rice and corn in some selected farm areas of Ilocos Region, Cagayan Valley region, central Luzon, Mindoro, Palawan, Bicol region, western Visayas, Bohol, Davao, northern Mindanao, North and South Cotabato.

Yield Formation / Grain Fixing StageIrrigated Rice and corn in most farm areas of Ilocos region, Cagayan Valley region, Central Luzon, Bohol,Mindoro, Palawan, Bicol region, western and eastern Visayas, Davao Region, South Cotabato, and Northern Mindanao.

Maturing/Ripening Stage Irrigated rice and corn in most farm areas of Ilocos region, Isabela, Nueva Viscaya, most of Central Luzon, Bohol, Palawan, Mindoro Occidental, Bicol region. Leafy and fruit vegetables in most fields of the country. Perennial fruits such as citrus fruits, pineapple, banana, papaya, jack fruit, pomelo, indian and carabao mango, lanzones, star apple, and guyabano.

o Irrigated rice, , upland and lowland corn – in selected farm areas of the country;
o Bitter gourd, broccoli, onions, cauliflower, beets celery, tomatoe,s upo, chayote, radish, squash,pechay, patola, eggplant, okra, lettuce, wombok cabbage, mustard, alugbati, cucumber, moringa, bell pepper, citrus fruits, banana, lanzones, papaya, pineapple, guyabano, potatoes, calamansi, sweet potatoes, cassava, ginger and carrots - most field areas in the country.

Farm Operations:
o Harvesting, sun drying and milling of newly harvested rice and corn. Watering activities in dry areas; Fertilizer application, cultivation, and weed removal. Delivery of goods in the market, transplanting and planting of grains and vegetable seedlings are on-going in some selected irrigated farms of the country.

• During the month of March, the weather systems that will likely affect the country are the northeast monsoon, tail-end of a cold front (TECF), easterlies, ridge of high pressure area (HPA), Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), localized thunderstorms, low pressure area (LPA) and zero or one tropical cyclone.

• Way below to below normal rainfall conditions are expected over most parts of Luzon, Negros and Dipolog. Near normal rainfall conditions will be experienced over Bicol Region, rest of Visayas and Mindanao except over Davao Del Norte and North Cotabato for above normal rainfall conditions. (Figure 4).

• Slightly below to near average temperatures will most likely be experienced over Luzon and Visayas except for slightly above to above average condition over Metro Manila, Zambales, Pampanga, Palawan, Capiz and Negros Oriental. Near to above average temperatures are expected over Mindanao (Figure 5).

• Luzon will have extreme temperature range of 9.7ºC – 28.6ºC for upland farms while 18.0ºC – 37.8ºC for other farms in Luzon; the lowland farms in Visayas will have 18.7ºC – 36.0ºC; and the upland farms in Mindanao will have 14ºC – 34.1ºC and 17.5ºC – 37.5ºC for lowland farms.

• ENSO-neutral condition persists and expected to continue (Figure 6).

PAGASA will continue to closely monitor the climate conditions that may affect the country and updates shall be issued as appropriate. For further information, please contact the Climatology and Agrometeorology Division (CAD) at telephone number 8284-0800, local 905.


Chief, CAD