Astronomical Diary
MOON PHASES
lastquarterjpg newmoonjpg firstquarterjpg fullmoonjpg
Last Quarter New Moon First Quarter Full Moon
Nov 20
5:11 AM
Nov 26
11:06 PM
Nov 4
6:23 PM
Nov 12
9:34 PM
SPACE WEATHER
Current Condition X-ray Solar Flares
SOLAR WIND

Speed: 308.0 km/sec
Density: 3.7 protons/cm3
More Data: ACE, DSCOVR

Explanation | More Data
Updated: Nov 03 at 2326 UT

***Sunspot AR2751 has a magnetic polarity
that identifies it as a member of old Solar Cycle 24.
It poses no threat for strong solar flares.

Credit: Solar Dynamics Observatory(SDO)/Helioseismic
and Magnetic Imager (HMI).
Daily Sun: 03 Nov 2019
DSun
6-hr max: A8 1701 UT Nov 03
24-hr: A8 1701 UT Nov 03

Explanation | More Data

Updated: Nov 03 at 2300 UT
Time (PST) of rise and set of some planets at 10-day interval
DATE MERCURY VENUS MARS JUPITER SATURN
Rise Set Rise Set Rise Set Rise Set Rise Set
Nov 07 6:40AM 5:57 PM 7:32 AM 6:49 PM 4:21 AM 4:08 PM 8:52 AM 8:04 PM 10:23 AM 9:37 PM
Nov 17 5:11 AM 4:42 PM 7:48 AM 7:01 PM 4:09 AM 3:51 PM 8:21 AM 7:34 PM 9:47 AM 9:01 PM
Nov 27 4:38 AM 4:13 PM 8:04 AM 7:15 PM 3:57 AM 3:34 PM 7:51 AM 7:04 PM 9:11 AM 8:26 PM

* = following day
Astronomical Events November 2019
Meteor Shower
One of the most prolific meteor showers is the Leonids. Its radiant is in the constellation Leo which is located in the eastern section of the sky at dawn as shown in Figure 2a. Unlike the previous years where it produced hundreds of meteors, astronomers and experts do not predict many meteors this year. A zenithal hourly rate (ZHR) of about 15 meteors might occur in the late hours of November 17 until dawn of the following day. The Leonids Meteor Shower is created by bits of debris left behind by the repeat passages through the inner solar system of comet 55P/Tempel-Tuttle. Unfortunately, the waning gibbous Moon will interfere the observations of fainter meteors.
Fig2a
Figure 2a
(click to view image)
Stars and Constellations
During the nights of November, the splendid W formation of stars known as the constellation of Cassiopeia, the wife of King Cepheus and the mother of Andromeda in the Greek mythology, the constellations of Draco, the Dragon, Ursa Minor, the Little Bear, including the constellations of Perseus and Camelopardalis lies in the northern horizon as shown in Figures 1 & 1a. In addition, the Milky Way runs from the constellation Cygnus, the Swan in the west, to the constellation Gemini, the Twin in the east. The large figures of the constellations of Pisces, the Fish and Cetus, the Sea Monster spread across the equatorial region of the sky.
Fig1
Figure 1
(click to view image)
Fig1a
Figure 1a
(click to view image)
Planets Whereabout
On November 1 at 6:00 PM, catch a glimpse of Mercury and Venus before they set, located 6.5 and 9.3 degrees above the southwestern horizon with magnitudes 0.59 and -3.84, respectively, and lies among the background stars of constellation Libra, the Scales. Venus is visible throughout the month. Mercury remains observable in the southwestern horizon until the first week, and by the third week, it can be observe before sunrise in the eastern horizon.

Mars rises in the eastern sky and can be observe before sunrise, with a magnitude of 1.8 and lies among the background stars of the constellation Virgo, the Virgin. The Red planet is observable at dawn in the eastern sky throughout the month.

Jupiter and Saturn are located in the southwest-western sky after sunset and lies among the background stars of the constellation Sagittarius, the Archer, with magnitude -1.9 and 0.6, respectively, throughout the month.

Uranus and Neptune are both visible in the night sky throughout the month, with magnitudes 5.7 and 7.9, lies among the background stars of the constellation Aries, the Ram, and Aquarius, the Water Bearer, respectively. Observing these planets require familiarity with a star map and a telescope to be able to view their features.

Figure 3 shows how to compare apparent magnitudes of celestial bodies such as planets and stars.
Fig3
Figure 3
(click to view image)

NOVEMBER 2019
DATE EVENT TIME (PhST)
1 Mercury stationary 4:00 AM
7 Moon at apogee (farthest distance to Earth = 404,995.818 km) 4:36 PM
9 Mars 1° N of Spica 5:00 AM
9 Venus 1° N of Antares 6:00 PM
11 Mercury in inferior conjunction, transit over Sun 11:00 PM
23 Moon at perigee (nearest distance to Earth = 366,774.497 km) 3:41 PM
24 Venus 1.4° S of Jupiter 6:00 PM
28 Jupiter 1.4° N of Moon 6:00 PM
28 Mercury greatest elongation W (20°) 7:00 PM
29 Venus 6.9° S of Moon 6:00 PM
29 Saturn 6.8° N of Moon 6:00 PM