|4||Mercury at dichotomy||02:02 p.m.|
|7||Moon at Perigee (Distance = 364,927.621 km)||07:06 a.m.|
|10||Close Approach of Moon and Saturn||---|
|21||June Solstice||10:58 p.m.|
|22||Close Approach of Moon and Venus||---|
|22||Close Approach of Moon and Mars||---|
|23||Moon at Apogee (Distance = 405,325.693 km)||02:30 a.m.|
|27||June Bootids||09:00 p.m.|
|30||International Asteroid Day||---|
|Jun 04||11:42 AM|
|Jun 11||03:31 AM|
|Jun 18||12:37 AM|
|Jun 26||03:50 PM|
|June 01||04:00 AM||04:34 PM||08:43 AM||09:40 PM||09:32 AM||10:20 PM||03:11 AM||03:39 PM||12:06 AM||11:47 AM|
|June 11||04:08 AM||04:53 PM||08:46 AM||09:37 PM||09:18 AM||10:02 PM||02:39 AM||03:09 PM||11:24 PM||*11:09 AM|
|June 21||04:38 AM||05:35 PM||08:44 AM||09:28 PM||09:05 AM||09:44 PM||02:07 AM||02:38 PM||10:45 PM||*10:30 AM|
|June 30||05:23 AM||06:26 PM||08:37 AM||09:14 PM||08:52 AM||09:28 PM||01:37 AM||02:09 PM||10:09 PM||*09:54 AM|
* = following day
One of the most well-known asterisms in the northern sky, the Little Dipper, is formed by the constellation Ursa Minor, the Little Bear. The brightest star in this constellation, Polaris, is the closest bright star in the north celestial pole, which denotes the Little Dipper’s tail that is used for navigation. While Kochab and Pherkad, known to be the ”Guardians of the Pole Star” are the second and third brightest star in Ursa Minor, respectively .
Figure 1: The view of the night sky featuring the prominent June constellations showing the Northern and the Southern Hemisphere on 15 June at 09:00 p.m. using the Stellarium software
Libra is the only constellation in the zodiac that is not an animal or a mythological figure. The four brightest stars in the constellation form a quadrangle. Libra does not contain many bright, deep-sky objects, and the only notable one includes the globular cluster NGC 5897, with an apparent magnitude of 8.52 .
Between the well-known constellations of Scorpius and Centaurus is the constellation Lupus, the Wolf. There are several fascinating stars and deep-sky objects in the constellation. These include the Retina Nebula (IC 4406), the globular clusters NGC 5824 and NGC 5986, and the legendary supernova remnant SN 1006 .
Figure 2: The view of the west-northwestern sky featuring the Spring Triangle asterism using the Stellarium software
Figure 3: The view of the west-northwestern sky featuring the Great Diamond asterism using the Stellarium software
Arcturus, the brightest star in the constellation Bo¨otes, is the fourth brightest star in the night sky, with a magnitude of -0.05. Arcturus, an orange giant, indicates the left foot of Bootes, the Herdsman. To locate Arcturus, just locate the handle of the asterism Big Dipper, as it points exactly at the star. Moreover, it is also part of two prominent spring asterisms, namely, the Spring Triangle (Figure 2), together with the stars Spica of Virgo and Regulus of Leo, and the asterism, the Great Diamond of Virgo (Figure 3), with Spica, Denebola of Leo, and Cor Caroli of Canes Venatici .
On 01 June, Mercury will shine at a magnitude of 0.4 and will be at its highest point in the sky . As a morning object, Mercury is still just about visible, having passed its greatest elongation west and moving back toward the Sun. Mercury is best observed in the first half of the month and will typically lose in the glare of the Sun as it begins to diminish in the dawn sky from the second half until the end of the month .
Figure 4: The view of the west-northwestern sky on 22 June 2023 showing the close approach of the Moon, Venus, and Mars using the Stellarium application
Throughout the entire month, Venus and Mars will be visible in the early evening western sky. On 22 June at 08:48 p.m., the Moon and Venus will be in conjunction, with the Moon passing 3°41’ to the north of Venus. At the same time, they will make a close approach, passing within 3°31’ of each other [6, 7]. Meanwhile, at around 08:54 p.m., the Moon and Mars will make a close approach passing within 3°34’ of one another, among the background stars of the constellation Leo. The Moon, Venus, and Mars are arranged in a triangle formation in Figure 4 providing an excellent opportunity for astrophotographers .
Meanwhile, Jupiter and Saturn are both visible in the early morning sky at the eastern horizon. The waning gibbous Moon and Saturn will be in conjunction on 10 June at 04:22 a.m., with the Moon passing 2°58’ south of Saturn. At around the same time, the pair will make a close approach, passing within 2°42’ of each other. The view of the close pairing placed among the background stars of the constellation Aquarius can be observed in the east southeastern horizon as soon as it rises at around *11:29 p.m. (*June 09) (Figure 5) [9, 10].
Figure 5: The view of the east-southeastern sky on 10 June 2023 showing the close approach of Moon and Saturn using the Stellarium application
Figure 6: The view of the north-northeastern sky during the peak of June Bootids on 27 June 2023 at 09:00 p.m. when the shower’s radiant represented by the solid green circle is highest in the sky
Meteor showers are observable through the naked eye, and no special equipment such as telescopes or binoculars is needed. Maximize the viewing experience by choosing a dark observation site away from the city lights under clear and moonless sky conditions.
• All times displayed are in Philippine Standard Time (PhST)
 PAGASA Special Publication No. 840: The Philippine Star Atlas, 2019
 C. Guide, “Constellations: A Guide to the Night Sky, June Constellation” https://www.constellation-guide.com/constellations-by-month/june-constellations/, Last accessed 2023-05-28, 2023
 D. Ford, “In-The-Sky.org Guide to the night sky: Objects in your sky: Planets” https://in-the-sky.org/data/planets.php?day=1&month=6&year=2023, Last accessed 2023-05-28, 2023
 D. Ford, “In-The-Sky.org Guide to the night sky: Mercury at highest altitude in morning sky” https://in-the-sky.org/news.php?id=20230529_11_100, Last accessed 2023-05-28, 2023
 D. Ford, “In-The-Sky.org Guide to the night sky: Mercury (Planet)” https://in-the-sky.org//data/object.php?id=P1, Last accessed 2023-05-28, 2023
 D. Ford, “In-The-Sky.org Guide to the night sky: Conjunction of the Moon and Venus” https://in-the-sky.org/news.php?id=20230622_20_100, Last accessed 2023-05-28, 2023
 D. Ford, “In-The-Sky.org Guide to the night sky: Close approach of the Moon and Venus” https://in-the-sky.org/news.php?id=20230622_15_100, Last accessed 2023-05-28, 2023
 D. Ford, “In-The-Sky.org Guide to the night sky: Conjunction of the Moon and Mars” https://in-the-sky.org/news.php?id=20230622_15_101, Last accessed 2023-05-28, 2023
 D. Ford, “In-The-Sky.org Guide to the night sky: Conjunction of the Moon and Saturn” https://in-the-sky.org/news.php?id=20230609_20_100, Last accessed2023-05-28, 2023
 D. Ford, “In-The-Sky.org Guide to the night sky: Close approach of the Moon and Saturn” https://in-the-sky.org/news.php?id=20230609_15_100, Last accessed 2023-05-28, 2023
 D. Ford, “In-The-Sky.org Guide to the night sky: June Bootid meteor shower 2023” https://in-the-sky.org/news.php?id=20230627_10_100, Last accessed 2023-05-28, 2023
 IMO, “2023 Meteor Shower Calendar” https://www.imo.net/files/meteor-shower/cal2023.pdf, Last accessed2023-05-28, 2023
 The United States Naval Observatory. Multiyear Interactive Computer Almanac (MICA)
 D. Ford, “In-The-Sky.org Guide to the night sky: June solstice” https://in-the-sky.org/news.php?id=20230621_07_100, Last accessed 2023-05-28, 2023
For more information, call or email:
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PAGASA - DOST
Diliman, Quezon City
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