Farm Weather Forecast
Synopsis

Northeasterly windflow affecting Extreme Northern Luzon.

Issued at: 8AM Monday, October 18, 2021
Valid until: 8AM Tuesday, October 19, 2021
FWFA: 21 – 291
Forecast Area Agri-Weather Winds Temperature Relative Humidity Leaf Wetness
Batanes and Babuyan Islands Cloudy skies with light rains Moderate to strong from Northeast LOWLAND
22 - 28

UPLAND
20 - 27
70 - 98 0 - 4
Metro Manila and the rest of the country Partly cloudy to cloudy skies with isolated rainshowers or thunderstorms Moderate to strong from Northeast – rest of Northern Luzon;
Light to moderate from East to Northeast – the rest of the country
LOWLAND
22 - 34

UPLAND
13 - 31
60 - 95 0 - 4

Soil Moisture Condition
Wet

Most areas of the country

Moist

Batac, NCR, Cavite, Pag-asa island, Cuyo, Tagbilaran, Agusan del Norte, Davao del Sur, Tagum

Dry

Misamis Oriental, Zamboanga del Sur, General Santos

Farming Advisories
IN AREAS AFFECTED BY NORTHEASTERLY WINDFLOW AND MODERATE TO HEAVY RAINS
Be alert and extra careful to those living in low lying areas and near mountain slopes due to possible flooding and landslides; During the rainy season, farmers are advised/ reminded to do cover cropping, land terracing and waterway de-clogging activities. This is to prevent soil erosion and provide humus, regulate water, reduce weed, increase biodiversity and improve farming as a whole. Continuous wet weather promotes fungal development and can cause damage to stored farm products, reduce the quality, viability and market price of the grains. Thus, it is advised to keep barns and crop storage rooms to be in good, dry and well-ventilated condition. Clean creeks, canals and ditches; store harvested crops in elevated, well ventilated and covered places. Water impounding is advisable during heavy rains for future use.

FOR WET (IRRIGATED) AND MOIST AREAS
Livestock/domesticated animals are susceptible to contract diseases during the rainy period, always keep animal shelters and its surroundings clean, dry and well ventilated. A clean environment can minimize the possibility of covid-19 infection. Land and seedbed preparation; planting and transplanting; removal of weeds and cultivation, harvesting of matured crops, use covered vans in delivery of goods in the market; planting of fruit trees to replace the old ones.

FOR DRY (RAINFED) AREAS WITH LIGHT TO MODERATE WINDS
Watering crops during early morning and evening periods will help alleviate stress on crops. Sun drying of newly harvested rice and corn; watering activities or irrigation using pump in dry and rainfed areas. Spraying insecticides or fertilizer application in farm areas with light winds when needed.
Fishing Advisories

Gale Warning is raised over the northern seaboard of Luzon (Batanes, Calayan, Babuyan, northern coast of Cagayan and northern coast of Ilocos Norte), the eastern and western seaboards of Northern Luzon (Isabela, eastern coast of Cagayan, Ilocos Sur and the western coast of Ilocos Norte). Fishing boats and other small seacraft are advised not to venture out into the sea while larger sea vessels are alerted against big waves. Moderate to rough seas will be experienced over the rest of Northern Luzon while the seaboards of Visayas and Mindanao will be slight to moderate. Be reminded to be very careful in going out fishing specially those using small sea craft. Always bring emergency kit. Be updated for the latest weather update and farm advisories.

Red Tide Alert
(Courtesy of BFAR, Shellfish Bulletin No. 27, Issued on 24 September 2021)

All types of shellfish and Acetes sp. or alamang gathered from the areas of coastal waters of Dauis and Tagbilaran City in Bohol, Dumanquilas Bay in Zamboanga del Sur and Lianga Bay in Surigao del Sur are NOT SAFE for human consumption. Fish, squids, shrimps and crabs are safe for human consumption provided that they are fresh and washed thoroughly, and internal organs such as gills and intestines are removed before cooking.

Prepared by: MTR/RVDD
Verified by: JAM

10 - Day Regional Agri-Weather Information

DEKAD NO. 29      11 – 20 October 2021

Philippine Agri-Weather Forecast
The weather systems that will likely affect the whole country are the southwest monsoon, Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), low pressure area (LPA), tropical cyclones, easterlies, and localized thunderstorms.

During the start of the forecast period, most areas in Northern Luzon will experience stormy weather while Visayas, BARMM, Zamboanga Peninsula and the remaining parts of Luzon will have cloudy skies with scattered rainshowers and thunderstorms. Good weather condition is expected over the rest of the country except for chances of isolated rainshowers. As the tropical cyclone moves westward towards the West Philippine Sea, gradual improvement of weather will be experienced over the areas affected by the weather disturbance. After this, the western sections of Luzon and Visayas will continue to be cloudy with rainshowers and thunderstorms while the rest of the country will experience partly cloudy to cloudy skies with chances of isolated rainshowers or thunderstorms. During the latter part of the forecast period, Eastern Visayas, Bicol Region, CARAGA, and the provinces of Aurora and Quezon will be cloudy with rainshowers and thundertsorms. The rest of the archipelago will have improved weather condition aside for having possible occurrences of rainshowers or thunderstorms.

During the start of the dekad, winds coming from the southwest will prevail over Mindanao while the rest of the country will have winds from the northwest to southwest. Gusty winds may be experienced in areas affected by the tropical cyclone. As the weather disturbance moves westward, away from the country, southwesterly windflow will gradually prevail over Visayas and Mindanao while Luzon will have winds blowing from the southwest to southeast. During the mid of the forecast period, winds from the northeast will be experienced over Northern Luzon while the rest of Luzon will have winds from the southwest to northeast. Southwesterly winds will continue to prevail over Visayas and Mindanao. After this, southerly winds will blow over the archipelago except in extreme Northern Luzon where northeasterly winds are expected to be experienced. During the latter days of the dekad, winds from the northeast to south will blow over Luzon while the remaining areas of the country will have winds from the northeast.

During the early days of the forecast period, rough to very rough seas will be experienced over the whole archipelago. After this, the seaboards of Luzon will be moderate to rough while the remaining coastal waters of the country will have slight to moderate seas.

Transition from ENSO-neutral conditions to La Niña is favored in the coming months with 70-80% chance of La Niña forming in the last quarter of 2021 which may persist until the first quarter of 2022
Farm Advisories

Modernizing agriculture thru farm mechanization

In its quest to modernize agriculture, the Department of Agriculture (DA) in Caraga continuously implements the farm mechanization program.

On July 7–8, 2021, DA-Caraga Regional Corn Program turned over two units of 4-wheel drive farm tractors amounting to P2.45 million to each corn farmers’ association in the provinces of Agusan del Sur and Surigao del Sur.

The recipients of the said tractors were Sta. Irene Integrated Farmers Association (SIIFARMAS) of the town of Prosperidad, Agusan del Sur and MALCATRIVO Corn Farmers Association of Brgy. Osmeña, Tagbina, Surigao del Sur


The said interventions were based on the needs of the farmers as stipulated on their cluster development plan to make corn farming more productive and help attain economies of scale,” DA-Caraga Field Operations Division Chief Melody Guimary said.

MALCATRIVO Chairperson Ruben Lacasaca said that farm tractor is a big saving for them since a hectare of field using the traditional carabao would take one week to plow but with the tractor, it would take only at most of 2 hours.

The rent for a carabao and a man would costs around P700.00 a day or a total of P4,900.00 for a week job while on the tractor the payment is only P2,300.00 and it can be done in just 2 hours.

“With this farm tractor, our members would be encouraged more to cultivate their land since it is a big sigh of relief from land preparation expenses and more free days to attend to other important matters,” SIIFARMAS Chairperson Antonio Marti l, Jr. said.

Regional Technical Director Rebecca Reyes Atega explained that nowadays giving of interventions, not only farm tractor but to include other needs of the farmers is focused on clusters in line with the DA’s Farm and Fisheries Clustering and Consolidation (F2C2) Program or the Bayanihan Agri Clusters (BACs).

* Department of Agriculture, AggieTrends, JULY 2021
For full article visit the page at https://www.da.gov.ph/aggie-trends

For additional knowledge to attain potential crop production, farmers are encouraged to join government projects. These will enable them to learn and experience science-based crops and cropping system technologies and gain from such projects’ activities as sample advisories like planting dates, early warning for pest and disease infestation, water management strategies for specific areas, and daily weather condition notifications are also available (e.g., ACIAR, SARAI projects, etc

Regional Agrometeorological Situation and Prognosis

Region 1 Ilocos Region


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

80 – 350

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

3 – 7

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Wet

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

50 – 100

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

22 – 36

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Harvesting of rice, papaya, banana, cassava, onions, tomato, upo, squash, bitter gourd, eggplant, cabbage, lettuce, pechay, seguidillas, patola, string bean and sweet potato is ongoing. Land preparation, planting and transplanting of lowland rice, corn, cabbage, eggplant, cauliflower, tomato, celery, patani, sweet pepper, cucumber, melon, chayote, muskmelon, and sweet peas are also ongoing. Irrigated rice are in flowering and maturing stages. Drying, milling and storing of grains are being done.

Region 2 Cagayan Valley


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

75 – 300

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

4 – 9

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Wet – most of the region; Moist –Aparri

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

55 – 100

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

Upland farms: 17 – 34; Rest: 22 – 36

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Harvesting of matured rice, corn, string bean, onion, avocado, eggplant, tomato, banana, ginger, sweet potato, upo, patola, and cassava is being performed. Some land preparation for rice and corn started. Early planted rice are in maturing and harvesting stages while corn are in flowering and maturing stages

CAR (Cordillera Administrative Region)


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

100 – 400

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

5 – 9

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Wet

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

60 – 98

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

14 – 28

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Harvesting of carrot, wombok cabbage, bell pepper, cucumber, marble potato, radish, white potato, celery, pechay, sugar beet, leeks, french beans, and tomato is ongoing. Planting of sweet pepper, sweet peas, cabbage, patani, eggplant, cauliflower, tomato, carrot, cucumber, muskmelon, talinum, kutchai, spinach, chayote, celery, and condol is being done. Upland rice and late planted corn are in vegetative, flowering and maturing stages. Delivery of fresh harvest is ongoing

Region 3 Central Luzon


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

75 – 250

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

4 – 9

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Wet

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

50 – 98

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

21– 36

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Harvesting of irrigated rice, ampalaya, onion, calamansi, eggplant, patola, upo, tomato, squash, banana, lettuce, cabbage, pechay, papaya and cassava is in progress. Planting and transplanting of tomato, sweet pepper, radish, sincamas, togue, eggplant, ampalaya, string bean, patola and squash are ongoing. Irrigated and rainfed rice are in different stages

NCR (National Capital Region)


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

25 – 100

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

4 – 8

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Wet

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

53 – 98

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

22– 35

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Harvesting of string bean, pechay, mustard, cabbage, lettuce, okra, malunggay, eggplant, ampalaya, camote tops, and sweet potato is continuously being done. Planting of leafy vegetables, squash, ampalaya and pepper is ongoing. Urban gardening is in progress as well as plot preparation

Region 4A CALABARZON


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

25 – 200

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

4 – 8

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Wet – rest of the region; Moist – Laguna

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

53 – 98

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

: 22 – 35

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Harvesting of rice, corn, banana, papaya, squash, rambutan, santol, string bean, okra, santol, cucumber, tomato, ampalaya, pechay, chayote, upo, patola, eggplant, mustard and dragon fruit is in progress. Irrigated and rainfed rice are in flowering and ripening stages. Most dragon fruit, rambutan and santol fruit crops are in harvesting stage while coffee beans are in flowering stage. Delivery of goods in the market is ongoing

Region 4B MIMAROPA


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

50 – 250

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

4 – 9

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Wet – rest of the region Moist – Puerto Princesa, Cuyo

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

50 – 100

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

18 – 34

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Harvesting of early planted rice, corn, dragon fruit, avocado, santol, rambutan, pechay, patola, string bean, tomato, squash, okra, banana, papaya, cucumber, sweet potato, eggplant, cassava, ampalaya, upo, and ginger is ongoing. Planting of lowland rice, corn, sweet peas, cabbage, eggplant, chayote, patola, melon, celery, patani, kutchai, cauliflower, sweet pepper, cucumber, muskmelon, tomato, and seguidillas is being doneIrrigated and rainfed rice and corn are in vegetative, flowering and maturing stages while some are in harvesting stage. Delivery of fresh produce in the market is ongoing.

Region 5 Bicol Region


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

25 – 200

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

5 – 10

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Wet

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

53 – 98

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

22– 35

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Harvesting of matured rice and corn crops, cassava, gabi, ubi, sweet potato, banana, lettuce, string bean, eggplant, pechay, patola, cassava, tomato, avocado, and papaya is underway. Planting of okra, squash, gabi, ginger, radish, sincamas, ubi, and cassava is ongoing. Irrigated and rainfed rice and corn are in vegetative, flowering, maturing and harvesting stages. Delivery of newly havested crops is also being performed

Region 6 Western Visayas


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

100 – 200

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

5 – 10

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Wet

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

53 – 98

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

22 – 35

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Irrigated and rainfed rice are in different stages. Harvesting of second crop rice is ongoing as well as durian, sweet corn, sugarcane, rambutan, bitter gourd, santol, squash, guyabano, string bean, pineapple, upo, cotton fruit, eggplant, ginger, avocado, okra, and chayote is ongoing. Land preparation, planting and transplanting of lowland rice, corn, celery, sweet peas, eggplant, muskmelon, patani, cabbage, sweet pepper, cucumber, chayote, cauliflower, tomato, and melon are ongoing. Drying, milling and storing of sugarcane are being done

Region 7 Central Visayas


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

25 – 100

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

3 – 7

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Wet

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

55 – 99

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

22 – 36

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Harvesting of rainfed and irrigated rice, sweet corn, cucumber, ginger, tomato, squash, banana, avocado, santol, siniguelas, papaya, guyabano, ampalaya, string bean, pechay, and eggplant is taking place. Planting and transplanting of munggo, corn, peanut, cabbage, lettuce, cauliflower, upo, okra, patola, chayote, sweet pepper, eggplant, white potato, gabi, carrot, and cucumber are ongoing. Some rice are inestablishment stage. Irrigated and rainfed rice and corn are in maturing and harvesting stages

Region 8 Eastern Visayas


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

85 – 250

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

4 – 9

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Wet – rest of the region Moist –Samar, Visca

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

50 – 98

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

20 -36

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Harvesting of irrigated and rainfed rice, banana, patola, pineapple, guyabano, pechay, cabbage, papaya, sweet corn, onion, string bean, eggplant, upo, cassava, and sweet potato is ongoing. Planting of lowland and upland rice, patola, upo, bountiful beans, okra, sweet potato, gabi, ubi, cassava, sincamas, peanut, cucumber, cabbage, tapilan, ampalaya, siniguelas, and celery is also ongoing. Lowland rice are in vegetative, flowering and maturing stges while some upland rice and corn are in harvesting stage. Sundrying and milling of newly harvested rice and corn are being done

Region 9 Zamboanga Peninsula


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

50 – 120

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

4 – 8

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Wet – most of the region; Dry – Zamboanga del sur

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

50 – 98

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

22 – 37

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Harvesting of pineapple, durian, mangosteen, avocado, papaya, rambutan, marang, guyabano, patola, tomato, string bean, pomelo, squash, upo, pechay, cabbage, eggplant,, and corn continues. Planting of string bean, ginger, soybean, okra, spinach, squash, eggplant, peanut, ampalaya, patola, sweet potato, and cassava is ongoing. Rainfed rice and corn are in vegetative, maturing and harvesting stages

Region 10 Northern Mindanao


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

25 – 100

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

4 – 8

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Wet – rest of the region; Moist – Misamis Oriental

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

53 – 98

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

Bukidnon and upland areas: 16 – 35; Rest: 22 – 35

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Harvesting of durian, marang, mangosteen, santol, avocado, pineapple, chayote, jackfruit, banana, upo, cabbage, cucumber, cassava, lettuce, pechay, white potato, tomato, eggplant, chayote, cauliflower, and sweet potato is taking place. Land preparation, planting and transplanting of upland rice, corn, munggo, sweet pepper, garlic, lettuce, ampalaya, okra, patola, tomato, eggplant, kutchai, carrot, ginger, cadios, peanut, and sweet potato are in progress

Region 11 Davao Regio


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

0 – 80

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

2 – 7

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Wet – most of the region

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

48 – 98

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

Upland areas: 18 – 34; Rest: 23 – 36

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Harvesting of coconut fruit, melon, watermelon, pineapple, papaya, banana, durian, okra, stringbean, carrot, cauliflower, eggplant, pechay, chayote, potato, lettuce, ampalaya, cucumber, and radish is ongoing. Land preparation, planting and transplanting of irrigated rice, cabbage, onion, beets, cauliflower, sweet pepper, ginger, carrot, talinum, patola, okra, bountiful beans eggplant, tomato, sweet potato, and squash are also ongoing. Rice are in establishment and vegetative stages while some early planted irrigated rice and corn are in maturing and harvesting stages. Delivery of fresh produce is being done

Region 12 SOCCSK-SARGEN


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

0 – 75

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

2 – 6

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Moist

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

48 – 98

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

Upland areas: 17 – 34; Rest: 22 – 36

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Harvesting of durian, marang, mangosteen, mango, guyabano, pomelo, pineapple, avocado, corn, upo, mustard, squash, cucumber, eggplant, string bean, radish, ampalaya, papaya, and banana is underway. Land preparation, planting and transplanting of irrigated rice, eggplant, pechay, cucumber, ginger, ampalaya, radish, beets, okra, patola, cabbage, upo, tomato, carrot, mustard, melon, white potato, and garlic are being done. Rice and corn are in vegetative, flowering, maturing and ripening stages . Delivery of goods in the market continues

Region 13 CARAGA


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

0 – 120

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

3 – 8

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Wet

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

53 – 98

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

Upland: 18 – 35; Rest: 21 – 36

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Harvesting of rice, corn, ampalaya, squash, cabbage, patola, lettuce, pechay, upo, banana, durian, eggplant marang, mangosteen, pomelo, pineapple, jackfruit, and papaya is ongoing. Planting and transplanting of corn, tapilan, okra, pechay, mustard, gabi, cucumber, squash, tomato, ginger, cabbage, raddish, and ubi are also ongoing. Rice are in vegetative, flowering and maturing stages. Delivery of fresh produce in the market is taking place

ARMM (Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao)


Forecast Rainfall (mm):

25 - 120

Rainy Days (0.1mm or more):

4 – 8

Actual Soil Moisture Condition:

Wet

Range of Relative Humidity (%):

48 – 98

Min - Max Temperature (°C):

Upland: 17 – 35 Rest: 22 – 36

Crop Phenology, Situation and Farm Activities:

Harvesting of rice, corn pomelo, lettuce, banana, carrot, pechay, cabbage, mustard, mangosteen pineapple, sweet potato, and duria is ongoing. Land preparation, planting and transplanting of rice, corn, lettuce, chayote, peanut, munggo, upo, okra, patola, cabbage, carrot, sweet pepper, white potato, eggplant, gabi, watermelon, and cucumber are also ongoing. Irrigated and rainfed rice and corn are in different stages

Prepared By:

Prepared by: Uploaded by: Checked / Verified by: Approved by:

RAAM / SCF

DPO

JAM

EDNA L. JUANILLO
Chief, CAD